Golden Retriever: A Breed Guide
The Illustrious Golden Retriever: A Breed Guide
Golden Retrievers claim one of the top spots in the hearts of U.S. dog owners. Goldens are named for their beautiful coats, but there is more to these dogs than how they look. Learn about their history and what it takes to keep your pup happy and healthy.
A Golden History
Today, Golden Retrievers are a beloved family pet, but they have their origins in hunting. Lord Tweedmouth is responsible for developing the breed, crossing a now-extinct breed with the Tweed Water Spaniel, in the mid to late 1800s, according to the American Kennel Club (AKC). The resulting breed was used as gundogs, helping their masters to hunt in the Scottish Highlands.
The breed made its debut at a British dog show in the early 1900s, arriving in the United States, shortly afterward, according to the AKC.
Male Golden Retrievers typically weight between 65 and 75 pounds, while females of the breed way 55 to 64 pounds, according to The Spruce Pets. The breed has a lifespan of 10 to 12 years, which is fairly typical of medium-sized dogs.
Goldens have muscular, agile bodies, but you might not be able to tell because of their gorgeous, long coats. The breed has an undercoat and a topcoat, which typically sheds heavily twice a year, according to the AKC. Brushing and baths can help keep that coat looking bright and shiny.
More than Just a Beautiful Coat
While most people recognize the Golden by its coat, there is a whole lot more to this breed. Behind all of that fur, Golden Retrievers are intelligent and friendly dogs. These high-energy dogs love to interact with their owners and are generally easy to train.
The affability of the Golden Retriever means they can easily get along with other dogs, pets and children. Just remember, they need to be properly socialized.
Taking Care of a Golden
Goldens are certainly family-friendly, but these social dogs need plenty of regular exercise. If left inside without running and playtime, there is a risk of these food-loving dogs becoming overweight. Spend time each day letting your Golden run and dazzle you with the new tricks they are eager to learn.
You can find a reputable breeder if you are looking to add a Golden to the family, or you can adopt from a rescue organization like the Golden Retriever Rescue of Illinois.
Written by Carrie Pallardy